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7 posts by samantha-bello

BUILD FAILED (OS X 11.0.1 using python-build 20180424)

I had this error when I tried to install a python version with pyenv on MacOs big sur.

By running this command it worked for me!

CFLAGS=-I$(brew --prefix openssl)/include -I$(brew --prefix bzip2)/include -I$(brew --prefix readline)/include -I$(xcrun --show-sdk-path)/usr/include LDFLAGS=-L$(brew --prefix openssl)/lib -L$(brew --prefix readline)/lib -L$(brew --prefix zlib)/lib -L$(brew --prefix bzip2)/lib \ pyenv install --patch 3.8.0 < <(curl -sSL https://github.com/python/cpython/commit/8ea6353.patch\?full_index\=1)

Now when I run pyenv versions I have the python versions

Learned by samantha-bello on Jan 26, 2022

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121

Spaceship Operator <=>

The spaceship operator compares two objects (from left to right), returning either -1, 0, or 1.

Explanation

a <=> b

return -1 if a < b
return 0 if a == b
return 1 if a > b
4 <=> 7 # -1
7 <=> 7 # 0
7 <=> 4 # 1

Example one

As you know, in ruby (as in any language) we can get a result in different ways, we could use just the sort method, of course, but I just wanted to put this in another way:

languages = ['ruby', 'go', 'javascript', 'phyton', 'rust', 'elixir']

languages.sort{|first, second| first <=> second } # ["elixir", "go", "javascript", "phyton", "ruby", "rust"]

languages.sort{|first, second| second <=> first } # ["rust", "ruby", "phyton", "javascript", "go", "elixir"]

Example two

Suppose that we have the next array with the numbers 1 to 10, and we will like to separate them into different groups: 1. One group for the numbers that are less than 5 2. Another group with the number 5 3. The last group with the numbers that are greater than 5

We could get this result by iterating the array and then by putting a couple of if statements in order to group these 3 categories, but with the spaceship operation we could get this result in an easier way:

numbers = Array(1..10)
target = 5

numbers.group_by{ |number| number <=> target } # {-1=>[1, 2, 3, 4], 0=>[5], 1=>[6, 7, 8, 9, 10]}

Learned by samantha-bello on Nov 19, 2021

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121

Sort an array of objects by a property value

Imagine that we have the next object:

const names = [
  { name: 'Sam', lastName: 'Belmor'},
  { name: 'Yasser', lastName: 'Velasco' },
  { name: 'Ayrton', lastName: 'Morales' }
]

If we wanna sort those values alpabethically by name we could do this:

names.sort((a, b) => (a.name > b.name) ? 1 : -1)

We'll have this result:

[
  { name: 'Ayrton', lastName: 'Morales' },
  { name: 'Sam', lastName: 'Belmor' },
  { name: 'Yasser', lastName: 'Velasco' }
]

If return 1, the function communicates to sort() that the object b takes precedence in sorting over the object a. Returning -1 would do the opposite.

Learned by samantha-bello on Nov 16, 2021

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Use 'super' and add custom arguments to a specific class

Sometimes we want to create a parent class that will be shared for children classes, nevertheless, in some of the children classes we need additional arguments that will be only specific for that class and we don't need them in the parent class, to avoid adding additional arguments that won't be relevant to the parent class, we can do the next:

class ParentClass
  attr_reader :user

  def initialize(user)
    @user = user
  end
end
class ChildOne < ParentClass
  attr_reader :token

  def initialize(user, token)
    super(user)
    @token = token
  end
end

This way the new variable token will be available only for the ChildOne class.

Learned by samantha-bello on Nov 12, 2021

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121

Constant resolution operator `::`

Also, known as scope resolution operator.

When we work with namespace it's very common to override some objects, etc that we already have. This could cause us headaches when we try to access a specific object and that object has the same name as our namespace. To have a clearer idea, let's review the next example, imagine that we have the next nested modules:

module FHIR
  module Services
    module Appointment
      def appointment
        @appointment ||= Appointment.find(id)
      end
    end
  end
end

If you do Appointment.find(id) you will get an error similar to this: NoMethodError: undefined method 'find' for FHIR::Services::Appointment:Module.

That ^ is because the Appointment is doing reference to the namespace FHIR::Services::Appointment (local scope) instead of the Appointment model (global scope).

The constant resolution operator will help us to resolve this. If you put:

::Appointment.find(id)

This will work because is referencing the global namespace which is the Appointment model this way you can access directly to the model instead of the current namespace.

Learned by samantha-bello on Nov 5, 2021

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121

'fixup' and 'rebase' for neat commits

Description

Sometimes we are working on a branch and we want a specific change in a specific commit that is not the last one, we could use fixup to have our commits neat and to avoid doing a disaster with them.

Example

Imagine that we have a commit story like this:

commit 30e9b16e098315e459f46313c099317ab74decbd
Author: Sam Belmor <sambelmor@gmail.com>
Date:  Tue Sep 28 18:57:32 2021 -0500

  Add the MVC architecture

commit e13f8600584a8b304c25d08bbaa13d1999f51569
Author: Sam Belmor <sambelmor@gmail.com>
Date:   Tue Sep 28 18:51:06 2021 -0500

  Add koa/node setup

commit b4b7ee003d554fa7eaa967bcf236c9a02c5a7249
Author: Yasser Batas <yassk8@gmail.com>
Date:   Thu Jul 15 07:11:39 2021 -0500

  Initial commit

If we do some changes related to the koa/node setup and we want those changes in the second commit e13f8600584a8b304c25d08bbaa13d1999f51569, to avoid doing another commit we could do the following:

1. Add your changes

git add .

2. Copy the commit key where you want your changes

For this example we want the changes in the commit Add koa/node setup with the key e13f8600584a8b304c25d08bbaa13d1999f51569.

git commit --fixup e13f8600584a8b304c25d08bbaa13d1999f51569

3. At this point your changes were added, if you put:

git log

You will see something like this:

commit 3ef0a9c5a3a67b5dff7a7f6374921babf7a40c12 (HEAD -> feature/#2-knex-setup)
Author: Sam Belmor <sambelmor@gmail.com>
Date:   Thu Oct 21 11:50:35 2021 -0500

  fixup! Add koa/node setup

commit 30e9b16e098315e459f46313c099317ab74decbd
Author: Sam Belmor <sambelmor@gmail.com>
Date:  Tue Sep 28 18:57:32 2021 -0500

  Add the MVC architecture

commit e13f8600584a8b304c25d08bbaa13d1999f51569
Author: Sam Belmor <sambelmor@gmail.com>
Date:   Tue Sep 28 18:51:06 2021 -0500

  Add koa/node setup

commit b4b7ee003d554fa7eaa967bcf236c9a02c5a7249
Author: Yasser Batas <yassk8@gmail.com>
Date:   Thu Jul 15 07:11:39 2021 -0500

  Initial commit

As you can see a new commit was added, with the difference that you'll see the fixup! word before the commit's description

fixup! Add koa/node setup

At this point, you should check if this is the commit where you want your changes. If this is correct go-ahead to the next point if you made a mistake you could do:

git reset HEAD~

And start again. Be sure to copy the correct commit's key.

4. Use squash to join your commits

Now you're ready to squash your new changes with your old commit. 1. First, you need to copy the previous commit's key from the one that I want to do the squash. For this example the key that I need is this key b4b7ee003d554fa7eaa967bcf236c9a02c5a7249 from this commit Initial commit 2. So you should put the following:

git rebase -i --autosquash b4b7ee003d554fa7eaa967bcf236c9a02c5a7249

5. Confirm your changes

When you do the previous command a text editor will open (nano, vim, etc), and you will see something like this:

pick e13f860 Add koa/node setup
fixup 3ef0a9c fixup! Add koa/node setup
pick 30e9b16 Add the MVC architecture

When you close that window, your changes will be saved and now you'll have the new changes in the corresponding commit.

Learned by samantha-bello on Oct 22, 2021

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121

module_function

What it does?

  • module_function allows exposing instance‚Äôs methods so they can be called as they would be class methods.
module User
  def name
    'Hello Sam'
  end
end

If you try to do this:

user = User.new
user.name

You're gonna receive an error because modules do not respond to the new method.

How can we use it?

You can use this useful method module_function:

module User
  module_function

  def name
    'Hello Sam'
  end
end

And call the name method like User.name

  1. Use module_function to use all the methods inside a module as class methods or
  2. Use module_function :name to only apply it in a specific method

A second option to do it

Another option to do so is using extend self instead:

module User
  extend self

  def name
    'Hello Sam'
  end
end

Learned by samantha-bello on Sep 29, 2021

973983 adforcodereview v3 0211021 c02 021121